Download Alpine Plant Life: Functional Plant Ecology of High Mountain by Christian Körner PDF

By Christian Körner

ISBN-10: 3540654380

ISBN-13: 9783540654384

ISBN-10: 364298018X

ISBN-13: 9783642980183

Generations of plant scientists were interested by alpine flora - with the publicity of organisms to dramatic climatic gradients over a really brief distance. This complete textual content treats a variety of subject matters: alpine weather and soils, plant distribution and the treeline phenomenon, physiological ecology of water-, dietary- and carbon family of alpine crops, plant rigidity and plant improvement, biomass construction, and elements of human affects on alpine crops. Geographically the e-book covers all elements of the area together with the tropics.

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Additional info for Alpine Plant Life: Functional Plant Ecology of High Mountain Ecosystems

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It is impossible to draw conclusions about life conditions of alpine plants from common meteorological sources. The reason that Saussurea gnaphalodes is able to grow at 6400 m altitude in the Himalayan (see Chap. 2) is simply that its microhabitat expo- 7 6 _5 E 4 ~ E 3 Ol 'Q5 2 s::; 1 C <\I 0:: 0 2 5L g oe 22 °e 8 36 ° 34 ° 8" 7" 5° 7" 7" 36° 35° 54 ° 51 " How alpine plants influence their climate In addition to effects of solar radiation and relief discussed above, the third important determinant of the climate experienced by alpine plants are the plants themselves.

Comparison of climatic conditions in arctic-, temperate- and tropical-alpine areas that support similar short stature alpine vegetation. 2 00/5°S 4400 3500 365 ca. 15 SON/lOoS 4100 3200 365 ca. 5 +13 ca. 12 +3 ca. +5 ca. 12 +3/+4 ca. +5 , A, Alaska (Barrow); B, Southern Alps of New Zealand; C, Austrian Central Alps; D, Rocky Mountains (Niwot Ridge); E, Mt. · 29 30 3 Alpine climate Other aspects of the alpine climate, particularly those relating to snow distribution, biologically effective temperature, radiative cooling or heating and evaporative forcing need to be discussed in a micro climatological context (Chaps.

Another assessed by accounting for surface heating due to common feature of the radiation climate at high solar radiation (see Chap. 4). altitudes, again a consequence of reduced turbiThe radiation climate exhibits some features dity, is the reduced fraction of diffuse radiation common to all mountains (Sauberer and Dirm- under clear sky conditions, which enhances the hirn 1958, Dirmhirn 1964, Barry 1981): areal contrast between sun exposed and shaded surfluxes of solar radiation increase with altitude faces (Sauberer and Dirmhirn 1958).

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Alpine Plant Life: Functional Plant Ecology of High Mountain Ecosystems by Christian Körner

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