Download Applied Mineralogy: Applications in Industry and Environment by Swapna Mukherjee PDF

By Swapna Mukherjee

ISBN-10: 9400711611

ISBN-13: 9789400711617

ISBN-10: 940071162X

ISBN-13: 9789400711624

This booklet covers the full spectrum of mineralogy and consolidates its purposes in numerous fields. half I starts off with the very easy proposal of mineralogy describing intimately the consequences of a number of the facets of mineral chemistry, crystallographic buildings and their results generating assorted mineral houses. half II of the ebook describes diverse elements of mineralogy like geothermobarometry, mineral thermodynamics and part diagrams, mineral exploration and research, and marine minerals. ultimately half III handles the functions in commercial, medicinal and environmental mineralogy besides valuable and semiprecious stone reviews. a number of the analytical thoughts and their importance in dealing with particular different types of mineralogical difficulties also are covered.

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N glide = (a+b)/2, (b+c)/2), (a+c)/2}. , d glide = (a+b)/4, (b+c)/4), (a+c)/4}. 3: Point groups and space groups Group Point groups: The mathematical group comprising the symmetry operations that leave at least one point unmoved and that leave the appearance of the crystal structure unchanged. Space groups: Composed of the translational symmetry operations in addition to the operations of the point group. Symmetry operations Number of groups Reflection, rotation, inversion, improper rotation There are 32 possible crystal classes.

The vector from the origin to the reciprocal lattice point (101) has a length reciprocal to the (101) interplanar spacing and a direction normal to (101) planes. Every reciprocal lattice point has this property. a* : Perpendicular to the (100) planes of the real lattice and has a length equal to 1/d100. b* : Perpendicular to the (010) planes of the real lattice and has a length equal to 1/d 010. c* : Perpendicular to the (001) planes of the real lattice and has a length equal to 1/d 001. Fig. 8: An example of a reciprocal lattice construction from a real lattice.

Crystallographic axes: These are imaginary reference lines constructed through crystals and in most instances coincide with symmetry axes or normals to symmetry planes. These axes aid in the orientation of crystals and help to explain other crystal concepts like unit cells and Miller indices (to be discussed later). Crystallographic axes can also be defined as the imaginary lines in a crystal that can be used as a frame of reference for naming crystal faces. They are oriented parallel to their symmetries.

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Applied Mineralogy: Applications in Industry and Environment by Swapna Mukherjee

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