By Hans A. Panofsky
Provides, in one quantity, an updated precis of the present wisdom of the statistical features of atmospheric turbulence and an creation to the tools required to use those records to functional engineering difficulties. Covers uncomplicated physics and information, statistical homes emphasizing their habit just about the floor, and functions for engineers.
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Extra info for Atmospheric Turbulence: Models and Methods for Engineering Applications
Flexibility: Enabling minor if not major shifts in space planning – to reconfigure the layout and make it more efficient. Each of these five factors will be dealt with in the remaining chapters of this book. What is adaptation? 5 Estimated time-scales and costs of typical medium-scale adaptation schemes Category of building Type of adaptation scheme Approximate timescale Typical cost range (@ 2006 Prices) Residential • Basic restoration of a derelict single 2–4 months £50 000–£90 000 2–3 months £50 000–£100 000 3–4 months £50 000–£70 000 3–4 months £100 000–£150 000 3–6 months £50 000–£150 000 3–6 months £200 000–£250 000 4–6 months £80 000 2–3 months £100 000ϩ 3–6 months £100 000ϩ 4–7 months £100 000ϩ 4–7 months £200 000ϩ 6–9 months 4–6 months £200 000ϩ £300 000ϩ • • • • • • Non-residential storey detached cottage.
Old buildings offer psychological reassurance because of their distinguishing characteristics (Scottish Civic Trust, 1981). It is with housing, however, that the social advantages of adaptation are more obvious. Within this category there are architectural, cultural and historic benefits of adapting buildings. It is for these reasons that building conservation is becoming increasingly important in the developed world. It is of course not easy to measure the social benefits of adaptation. However, sensitive adaptation schemes such as the reuse of disused industrial buildings (see Chapter 4) can bring back life to run-down urban areas.
Variety of acceptable uses are matched with the building. Building refurbished/restored (whole or part) cycle continues. Building made more sustainable. Make way for new building. g. change of use) to part or the whole of a building, done intermittently, over long periods. Involves substantive adjustments, alterations and improvements. To improve or modify a building’s performance. To satisfy changing user or legal requirements. To change or modify a building’s use. To enhance a building’s value or rental incore To enhance a building’s image.
Atmospheric Turbulence: Models and Methods for Engineering Applications by Hans A. Panofsky