By D. Mann
Following the luck of the 1st (1995) variation, this absolutely up to date record will supply an international evaluate of using car plastics and composites in passenger automobiles, with an research of markets and traits to the yr 2007. unique consciousness is given to motor vehicle weight reduction.
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Extra resources for Automotive Plastics & Composites - Worldwide Markets & Trends to 2007
More recently, the PVC slush moulding process has been adopted to give a softer and more lumu~ous feel to instrument panel covers in more expensive cars with higher trim levels. Plasticised PVC compounds are established for sheathing of electrical wiring, mainly because of their flame retardancy. There are a number of different temperature level requirements according to the location of the wiring in the vehide. These are covered by ISO 6722 with an overall temperature range of - 4 0 to 200~ PVC can only be used in the lower temperature classes of - 4 0 to 125~ At present the German DIN 72551 standard for thin walled vehicle wiring of PVC (sheathing) cannot be met by polyolefln based compounds (PE or PP) containing high loadings of alumim'um or magnesium hydroxide as flame retardant additives.
Most automotive parts are made this way. ISO: refers to the International Standards Organisation. This body has defined worldwide standards for testing materials often combining ASTM and DIN standards. Isotropic the properties are the same in all directions in a plastic compound. The opposite is anisotropic. LFT or Long Fibre Thermoplastic: a compound of long granules, with glass fibres of 5 to 25 mm length made by special compounding techniques. Properties resemble those of GMT. Short glass fibre thermoplastics, the usual commercial product, has fibres shorter than 1 mm to be converted by injection moulding.
PVC, PP, PBT, PA. A separate class of additives are the fillers such as talcum, wood flour, and reinforcing agents like glass and carbon fibres. Alloys: strictly speaking, alloys refer to metals and do not exist in plastics. The term is used interchangeably with blends for mixtures of two or more polymers. Examples are alloys or blends of polycarbonate (PC) with ABS or with polybutylene terephthalate (PBT). Amorphous: used for polymers lacking crystalline structures like acrylics (PMMA), polystyrene (PS), polycarbonate (PC) and polyvinylchloride (PVC).
Automotive Plastics & Composites - Worldwide Markets & Trends to 2007 by D. Mann