By Rachel Berger (auth.)
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Extra info for Ayurveda Made Modern: Political Histories of Indigenous Medicine in North India, 1900–1955
Chapters 3–5 explore the transformation of Ayurveda into the public and political spheres, charting its evolution in discourse and policy as it came under the rubric of governance. Chapter 3 explores popular understandings of Ayurveda, focusing on Hindi-language discussions of new medical techniques, technologies and conditions that had been previously left unexplored within its purview. This chapter explores speciﬁc genres of writing and evaluates the ways in which Ayurveda came to be understood in popular culture.
18 The study began for Zimmerman in a series of entries in medical treatises – most notably, the Susruta and Caraka Samhitas – which listed the properties of meats, dividing animals into a variety of categories ranging from jangala (dry terrain) to anupa (marshy terrain), as well as into herbivores and carnivores, game and predators, like from like and so on. 19 Encompassed in the Ayurvedic text, he argues, are detailed classiﬁcations of geography, vegetation and animal speciﬁcation. 20 This can be further exempliﬁed from what Dalhana says to Dhanwantari that ‘satmya are those which in spite of being naturally contrary in terms of place, time, race, season, disease, exercise water, day-sleep, rasas etc .
Literary, cultural and social historians have also identiﬁed UP as a central site where the boundaries of the nation were drawn. This was due in part to the concretization of 16 Ayurveda Made Modern identities through linguistic and broader demographic change that led to social upheaval, the decline of the former authority of Islamic culture in Awadh and the emergence of new groups into the public sphere. 35 The importance of print culture to the self-fashioning of individuals as modern beings and to the cementation of new ideas about politics, culture and identity has been identiﬁed by historians and literary critics as a key trope in the study of India during the late colonial period.
Ayurveda Made Modern: Political Histories of Indigenous Medicine in North India, 1900–1955 by Rachel Berger (auth.)