By J. G. A. Pocock
Pocock is likely one of the nice writers of heritage. In his background of histories he unlocks riddles and quandaries of the numerous Enlightenments that underlie Gibbon.
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Olaus Rudbeck; see Womersley, 1994, i , pp. 232, 234, nn. 8, 15. Gibbon did not own, and does not otherwise cite, his work, and may have known it only from Bayle’s quotations (n. 15). 8 Ibid. i , p. 233, n. 13. Womersley, 1994, i , pp. 233–4. Ibid. i , p. 231, n. 2; FDF, p. 364; Kidd, 1999, pp. 189–93. 10 Here we do have the ‘savage’ as original inhabitant of the European peninsula; but he is less the hunter-gatherer of stadial theory than the Cyclops of Greek thought about pre-civilised man, or the original wanderer in the jurists’ state of nature.
201–2 (Memoir B), 261–2 (Memoir C), Journal A, p. 188. MW, v , p. 287. Anquetil, 1771, i ; Pr´eface (separately paginated preceding the Discours Preliminaire), pp. vi–vii. The reader is reminded that I follow eighteenth-century typography in transcribing quotations; it is not always consonant with modern spelling or accentuation. 28 The history and theory of barbarism [Well! Why should I fear to bring forth my feeble efforts, when the aim that has brought them to birth is the most worth the attention of a thinking being; when the scanty materials I have sought to bring together may serve as foundation for a project, the knowledge of man, whose completion calls only for a hand more skilful, an arm stronger and more daring?
In them the nomads of the steppe assert their historical importance for the first time in the Decline and Fall. Secondly, there were the mounted nobility, the heavy mailed lancers whom the Roman legionaries called by a nickname almost translatable as ‘tanks’ (clibanarii, from the word for a portable oven). It was a powerful combination, but according to all classical literature a citizen infantry should outdo it in every kind of virtue, and as the Roman armies degenerated they became less able to cope with such cavalry in becoming more like them.
Barbarism and Religion, Vol. 4: Barbarians, Savages and Empires by J. G. A. Pocock