By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, Panel on Benchmarking the Research Competitiveness of the United States in Mechanical Engineering
Mechanical engineering is important to the layout, manufacture, and operation of small and massive mechanical structures through the U.S. economic system. This ebook highlights the most findings of a benchmarking workout to price the status of U.S. mechanical engineering simple learn relative to different areas or international locations. The e-book contains key elements that impression U.S. functionality in mechanical engineering study, and close to- and longer-term projections of study management. U.S. management in mechanical engineering easy examine total will stay robust. Contributions of U.S. mechanical engineers to magazine articles increases, yet so will the contributions from different transforming into economies reminiscent of China and India. whilst, the availability of U.S. mechanical engineers is in jeopardy, due to declines within the variety of U.S. voters acquiring complicated levels and unsure customers for carrying on with to draw international scholars. U.S. investment of mechanical engineering simple study and infrastructure will stay point, with powerful management in rising parts.
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36 • • • • Friction and wear. Is concerned with solid surfaces in relative motion and in contact with one another resulting in friction forces resisting motion and resulting in the wear of surfaces. Tribomaterials. Involves all types of material development and selection for tribological elements such as bearings, brakes, cams, and tires, and the lubricants used in triboelements. Contact mechanics and surface engineering. Has to do with surface and near surface material deformation and fatigue resulting from highly concentrated loads occurring in some triboelements, such as rolling element bearings and rail-wheel contact.
Motions at small scales such as nanodevices and phenomena, socalled micro air vehicles, and MEMS devices are now more often the applications of interest. • Complex Systems. Complex systems that involve a large number of degrees of freedom as may arise in computational models of fluid, structural, and molecular systems. Complex systems also arise due to the interaction of multimedia such as fluids interacting with structures or multiscale systems ranging from quantum to molecular to continuum models.
S. contribution was 48 percent. S. mechanical engineers contribute strongly as authors to the leading research journals in this field, accounting for about 40 percent of the articles and 40 percent of the mostcited articles in the 68 selected journals. S. mechanical engineers contributed 65 or more out of the 100 most-cited articles in the Scopus database for the timeframe 1987 to 2006. The combined virtual congress and journal analysis supports that the United States is the leader or among the leaders in all areas of mechanical engineering basic research (Table 2-5).
Benchmarking the Competitiveness of the United States in Mechanical Engineering Basic Research by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, Panel on Benchmarking the Research Competitiveness of the United States in Mechanical Engineering