By C. Robert Almli, Stanley Finger, T.E. LeVere, Donald G. Stein
The concept for the current quantity grew from discussions that the 4 people had between ourselves and with our colleagues at fresh clinical conferences. we all have been inspired via the wealth of empirical facts that used to be being generated by way of investigators drawn to mind harm and restoration from either behavioral and organic orientations. however, we have been excited about the relative paucity of makes an attempt to judge the knowledge supplied by means of new applied sciences in additional than a slender context or to provide new theories or reexamine frequent principles within the gentle of latest findings. We well-known that technological know-how is guided via new applied sciences, by way of challenging facts, and by way of theories and concepts. but we have been pressured to finish that, even if investi gators have been usually nervous to publicize new equipment and empirical fmdings, an identical couldn't be stated approximately large hypotheses, underlying suggestions, or in ferences and speculations that prolonged past the empirical info. not just have been many scientists now not officially discussing the huge implications in their info, yet, whilst stimulating rules have been provided, they have been likely to be heard within the halls or over a meal than in prepared classes at medical meetings.
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Extra resources for Brain Injury and Recovery: Theoretical and Controversial Issues
Austin, G. , and Lui, C. , 1958, Sprouting as a cause of spasticity, 1. Neurophysiol. 21:205-216. Meyer, P. , Horel, J. , and Meyer, D. , 1963, Effects of dl-amphetamine upon placing responses in neodecorticate cats, 1. Compo Physiol. Psychol. 56:402-404. Marshall, 1. , 1984, Brain function: Neural adaptations and recovery from injury, Annu. Rev. Psychol. 35:277-308. , 1984, Recovery and Management of Neuropsychological Impairments, John Wiley, New York. Murray, C. , and Fibiger, H. , 1986, Pilocarpine and physostigmine attenuate spatial memory impairments produced by lesions of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis, Behav.
10:177-186. , and Stein, D. , 1982, Brain Damage and Recovery: Research and Clinical Perspectives, Academic Press, New York. Gazzaniga, M. , 1966, Visuomotor integration in split-brain monkeys with other cerebral lesions, Exp. Neurol. 16:289-298. , 1974, Late changes in the nervous system: An overview, in: Pwsticity and Recovery of Function in the Central Nervous System (D. G. Stein, J. J. Rosen, and N. ), Academic Press, New York, pp. 467-508. Goldberger, M. , 1972, Restitution of function in the CNS: The pathological grasp in Macaca mulatta, Exp.
7. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS The present chapter was written with the intent of trying to define the word "recovery" in a meaningful way and then examining some of the mechanisms that might account for recovery. It was argued that "recovery" lacks a widely accepted definition in the research and clinical literatures and that a good, workable definition of recovery should demand an initial deficit, that the returned behavior be identical to the one that was temporarily lost (behavioral isomorphism), and that recovery be treated as a "yes-or-no" affair rather than in a relative sense.
Brain Injury and Recovery: Theoretical and Controversial Issues by C. Robert Almli, Stanley Finger, T.E. LeVere, Donald G. Stein