Download Catholic Reform From Cardinal Ximenes to the Council of by John C. Olin PDF

By John C. Olin

ISBN-10: 0585125848

ISBN-13: 9780585125848

ISBN-10: 0823212815

ISBN-13: 9780823212811

The 16th century in Europe is characterised traditionally by way of the spiritual upheaval often called the Reformation, with awareness ordinarily concentrating on Luther and the opposite Protestant reformers who broke from the confirmed church. This improvement despite the fact that, significant because it used to be, isn't the entire tale of reform within the 16th century. Underlying and encompassing the Protestant Reformation was once a broader look for non secular renewal and reform that remained in the Catholic Church and is typically said used to be the Catholic Reformation. This quantity specializes in this unusually missed point of sixteenth-century non secular reform, filling a tremendous desire in Reformation reports. John C. Olin, renowned for his writings on Erasmus and the Reformation, indicates how Catholic reform didn't commence against Protestantism yet as a parallel move, springing out of a similar context and responding to very related wishes for non secular switch and revival. The ebook opens with an introductory essay that perspectives the process Catholic reform from the projects of Cardinal Ximenes, who turned archbishop of Toledo and primate of Spain in 1495, to the paintings of the Council of Trent in 1563 - years of the most important value for the survival and revival of the Catholic religion. Following the essay are numerous key records, together with the preface to the Complutensian polyglot bible and decrees of the Council of Trent, that illustrate from modern resources the nature of the flow of Catholic reform. there's additionally a short learn of St. Ignatius Loyola, in addition to a variety of illustrations and an intensive bibliography.

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Did it not pose a danger to the established Church? Did it not in fact, with its scriptural emphasis and exegesis, pave the way for Protestantism and schism? Historians have given a variety of answers to these questions, which arise in the first place because of the deep divisions in Christendom that came after 1517. Similarly the Protestant-Catholic polarization that so rapidly occurred in the midst of the religious crisis and that persisted down through the centuries influenced the attitudes and judgments men expressed.

He had just returned from several years of study in France and Italy, and it would appear that under the influence of the Florentine Platonists and of Savonarola he had come back to England an ardent reformer. His Oxford lectures directed toward both theological reform and religious revival stirred wide attention and are particularly noteworthy because of their influence on Erasmus. The great Dutch humanist first visited England in 1499 on the eve of his own career and met Colet, with whom he began a long and close friendship, at Oxford.

Alcalá from the start was the center of humanism in Spain, and the work of Ximenes, with its emphasis on education and scholarship, is a striking example of the association between humanism and actual Church reform. Humanism, derived from the expression studia humanitatis, is the name given to the so-called classical revival, the renewed study of the literature of ancient Rome and Greece, in Renaissance Italy. It encompassed also a renewed interest in and a more comprehensive and scholarly approach to the scriptural and patristic sources of Europe's faith.

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Catholic Reform From Cardinal Ximenes to the Council of Trent, 1495-1563: An Essay with Illustrative Documents and a Brief Study of St. Ignatius Loyola by John C. Olin


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