By Clive Spinage
Cattle Plague: A History is split into 5 sections, facing the character of the virus, through a chronological background of its prevalence in Europe from the Roman Empire to the ultimate twentieth century outbreaks; then administrative keep watch over measures via laws, the critical avid gamers from the 18th century, by way of an research of a few results, political, monetary and social. Then follows makes an attempt at healing from earliest instances encompassing superstition and witchcraft, principally Roman tools persisting till the nineteenth century; the quest for a medication via inoculation and the ultimate step forward in Africa on the finish of the nineteenth century. The final part covers the sickness in Asia and Africa. Appendices conceal rules now in strength to manage the sickness in addition to ancient directions, decrees and statutes courting from 1745-1878.
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This led to the suggestion that the ground squirrel might be involved in maintaining the disease in enzootic areas, but this is generally discounted. Nakamura and coworkers (1957) infected Syrian hamsters Mesocricetus auratus with lapinized avianized virus, Scott and Witcomb (1958) doing the same with a bovine strain, while Scott and Brown (1958) found that serial passaging in the hamster lowered the virulence for cattle. The hippopotamus Hippopotamus amphibius in Uganda has been found to carry neutralizing antibodies, indicating exposure to rinderpest some 30 years before, described by Plowright et al.
A. Spinage, Cattle Plague © KluwerAcademic/Plenum Publishers 2003 29 30 I. Introduction and Background were also dying of the disease, but the deaths were unconfirmed (Van Oordt, 1898a). Lugard reported in 1896: It is strange that the natives here [near Lake Ngami in northern Bechuanaland Protectorate] insist that the crocodiles and hippopotami are dying of it. I cannot believe it true, but we came upon a dead hippopotamus; an unusual thing, since the people are such keen hunters, and its hide so valuable here ..
9000 6000 3000 , I , I 1908 1916 1912 Year Figure 4. Rinderpest deaths in Egypt 1904 -24. 1920 1. The Nature of Cattle Plague or Rinderpest 23 east Burma; and the wild buffalo Bubalus bubalis throughout; as well as thamin Cervus eldi , hog deer Axis porcinus and wild boar Sus scrofa cristatus. Survivors became immune and perpetuated the disease, particularly wild buffalo. ; outbreaks occurred at the same time as among the domestic herds. However, some species such as sambar, chital, muntjac, and certain pigs living close to villages could contract a subacute infection which made them, during certain periods, carriers.
Cattle Plague: A History by Clive Spinage