By Marian Mazgaj
This article explores the character of Polish Catholicism within the first 1/2 the 20th century and the adjustments it underwent lower than the regulations of Soviet Communism. Of specific word are the legislation and regulations that have been hired through the kingdom that allows you to damage faith typically, and Catholicism specifically. The textual content additionally explores the best way that the powerful culture of Polish tradition ready the population to be uniquely proof against makes an attempt to damage its Christian non secular lifestyles. it's finally, a narrative of the triumph of the folk over the country.
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Extra resources for Church and State in Communist Poland: A History, 1944-1989
XVI. The status of military chaplains shall be deﬁned by a special regulation to be worked out by military authorities in agreement with the representatives of the Episcopate. XVII. Religious ministrations in penal institutions shall be in the hands of chaplains appointed by the appropriate authorities upon recommendation of the diocesan bishop. XVIII. In the State and community hospitals, religious ministrations for patients who desire them will be in the hands of hospital chaplains, who shall be remunerated through special agreement.
We ﬁnd ourselves in a paradoxical situation: new demands are being made of the Bishops every day, while the Government, through its Minister Bida, gives the Hierarchy new assurances. 50 The Government did not indicate any willingness to observe the Agreement. 51 On the occasion of the second anniversary of the promulgation of the Agreement, the Primate of Poland, Archbishop Stefan Wyszynski, made a favorable statement, which was published in Tygodnik Powszechny, the Cracow diocesan weekly, on April 27, 1952.
43 The Government sought to ﬁll this vacuum with many ad hoc regulations, restricting to a minimum the rightful activities of the Church. These orders and regulations will be discussed in the following chapter. Did, however, the new Polish Constitution of 1952 really and effectively abrogate the Concordat? Some think that the Government of Poland is not constitutional and as such does not represent the Polish nation. Its authority does not rest on law of the land, but on the power of the 28 CHURCH AND STATE IN COMMUNIST POLAND Russian military divisions stationed in Poland and East Germany.
Church and State in Communist Poland: A History, 1944-1989 by Marian Mazgaj