Download Climate change : environment and history of the Near East by Arie S. Issar, Mattanyah Zohar PDF

By Arie S. Issar, Mattanyah Zohar

ISBN-10: 3540698515

ISBN-13: 9783540698517

ISBN-10: 3540698523

ISBN-13: 9783540698524

This survey of the traditional degrees of lakes, rivers and the ocean, in addition to alterations within the compositions of stalagmites and sediments unearths an remarkable correlation of weather alterations with the emergence and cave in of civilizations within the heart East. The authors finish that weather switch has been the decisive think about the heritage surrounding the origins of the "cradle of civilization".

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Extra resources for Climate change : environment and history of the Near East

Example text

NAO is directly responsible for the weather in the Mediterranean region, as on the border between it and ENSO, the “Inter-tropical Convergence Zone” (ITCZ) has formed. 1 Because of the importance of the North Atlantic Oscillation as the origin of the westerly winds bringing rain to the Near East, let us briefly remind the reader of its modus operandi. 2 It is supported by the Gulf 1 M. Glantz, Currents of Change: El Niño’s Impact on Climate and Society, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK (1996).

This sequence was often datable by fossils and archaeological remains. 7 The transgressions were caused by the melting of the glaciers and, therefore, coincided with warm interglacial periods while the regressions occurred in glacial periods when water froze and was captured by the glaciers. The general conclusion is that the invasion of sand dunes, which is a result of a sea transgression, occurred during warm interglacial periods. e. the post-Byzantine/Early Arab Period, and by now have covered a vast area, extending to about 10 km from the shore and reaching, in some cases, a height of about 30 meters.

Also in this case, the anthropogenic paradigm of over-irrigation, soil salinization and economic disaster, was preferred with no consideration of climate change. 11 11 M. Stiller, A. Ehrlich, U. Pollinger, U. Baruch and A. Kaufman, “The Late Holocene Sediments of Lake Kinneret (Israel) – Multidisciplinary Study of a Five Meter Core” GSI Current Research Report pp. 83–88 (1983–84). 22 Constructing the Jigsaw Puzzle of Palaeo-Climates Based on the isotopic and pollen proxy data, Issar suggested a conceptual model in which the changes in the time series can be explained primarily by climate change taking into consideration the simultaneous changes in the assemblages of the pollen and the isotopes, as well as the hydrological regime of the Sea of Galilee.

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Climate change : environment and history of the Near East by Arie S. Issar, Mattanyah Zohar


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