By Arie S. Issar, Mattanyah Zohar
This survey of the traditional degrees of lakes, rivers and the ocean, in addition to alterations within the compositions of stalagmites and sediments unearths an remarkable correlation of weather alterations with the emergence and cave in of civilizations within the heart East. The authors finish that weather switch has been the decisive think about the heritage surrounding the origins of the "cradle of civilization".
Read Online or Download Climate change : environment and history of the Near East PDF
Best climatology books
Released via the yank Geophysical Union as a part of the unique guides sequence. Atmospheric halos are obvious phenomena of a lot good looks and fascination. From our earliest identified documents, relationship from the Sumerian-Babylonian tradition of 4-5,000 years in the past, to trendy researchers, halos have saved us taking a look skyward.
This ebook describes and analyses numerous facets of Israeli weather. This paintings additionally elucidates how either guy and nature comply with quite a few climates. the 1st half (Chapters 1-9) bargains with the meteorological and climatological community stations, the background of weather examine in Israel, research of the neighborhood weather through season, and a dialogue of the weather variables their spatial and temporal distribution.
This ebook attracts examples from nutrition protection concerns in Bangladesh. The e-book is based round these matters and underlying explanations of nutrition safeguard, the results from diversified sectors, coverage research, and the function and activities of assorted stakeholders from varied sectors to make sure nutrition protection.
Up to date and revised, this hugely profitable textual content information the elemental chemical ideas required for contemporary reviews of atmospheres, oceans, and Earth and planetary platforms. This thoroughly obtainable advent permits undergraduate and graduate scholars with little formal education in chemistry to understand such basic strategies as chemical equilibria, chemical thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, answer chemistry, acid and base chemistry, oxidation-reduction reactions, and photochemistry.
Extra resources for Climate change : environment and history of the Near East
NAO is directly responsible for the weather in the Mediterranean region, as on the border between it and ENSO, the “Inter-tropical Convergence Zone” (ITCZ) has formed. 1 Because of the importance of the North Atlantic Oscillation as the origin of the westerly winds bringing rain to the Near East, let us brieﬂy remind the reader of its modus operandi. 2 It is supported by the Gulf 1 M. Glantz, Currents of Change: El Niño’s Impact on Climate and Society, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK (1996).
This sequence was often datable by fossils and archaeological remains. 7 The transgressions were caused by the melting of the glaciers and, therefore, coincided with warm interglacial periods while the regressions occurred in glacial periods when water froze and was captured by the glaciers. The general conclusion is that the invasion of sand dunes, which is a result of a sea transgression, occurred during warm interglacial periods. e. the post-Byzantine/Early Arab Period, and by now have covered a vast area, extending to about 10 km from the shore and reaching, in some cases, a height of about 30 meters.
Also in this case, the anthropogenic paradigm of over-irrigation, soil salinization and economic disaster, was preferred with no consideration of climate change. 11 11 M. Stiller, A. Ehrlich, U. Pollinger, U. Baruch and A. Kaufman, “The Late Holocene Sediments of Lake Kinneret (Israel) – Multidisciplinary Study of a Five Meter Core” GSI Current Research Report pp. 83–88 (1983–84). 22 Constructing the Jigsaw Puzzle of Palaeo-Climates Based on the isotopic and pollen proxy data, Issar suggested a conceptual model in which the changes in the time series can be explained primarily by climate change taking into consideration the simultaneous changes in the assemblages of the pollen and the isotopes, as well as the hydrological regime of the Sea of Galilee.
Climate change : environment and history of the Near East by Arie S. Issar, Mattanyah Zohar