By David Greenland, Douglas G. Goodin, Raymond C. Smith
This quantity within the long term Ecological learn community sequence may current the paintings that has been performed and the certainty and database which have been constructed via paintings on weather swap performed in any respect the LTER websites. international weather swap is a primary factor dealing with the realm, that's being labored on by means of a really huge variety of scientists throughout quite a lot of fields. The LTER websites carry the superior to be had information measuring long-term affects and adjustments within the surroundings, and the examine performed at those websites has no longer formerly been made generally on hand to the wider weather swap study group. This publication may still allure quite broadly open air the ecological neighborhood, and since it pulls jointly details from all 20 learn websites, it's going to trap the curiosity of just about the complete LTER examine neighborhood.
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Additional info for Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at Long-Term Ecological Research Sites (Long-Term Ecological Research Network Series)
2 Hurricane Impacts in New England and Puerto Rico Emery R. Boose Introduction Hurricanes have a profound effect on many coastal ecosystems. Direct impacts often include wind damage to trees, scouring and ﬂooding of river channels, and salt-water inundation along shorelines (Simpson and Riehl 1981; Diaz and Pulwarty 1997). In some areas, secondary impacts may include landslides triggered by heavy rains (Scatena and Larson 1991) or catastrophic dry-season ﬁres resulting from heavy fuel loading (Whigham in press).
2001, in press). edu). The ﬁrst task was to create a list of hurricanes in each study region for which there was historical evidence of wind damage. , Salivia 1950; Ludlum 1963; Millas 1968). However, our assessment of the impacts of each storm was based, wherever possible, on contemporary accounts, mostly newspapers for the later period and letters, diaries, and government documents for the earlier period. As expected, the number of historical reports was greater for recent and/or severe hurricanes.
1998. A summary of current activities in 15 countries. LTER Network Ofﬁce, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Introduction 19 Magnuson, J. J. 1990. Long-term ecological research and the invisible present. BioScience 40:495–501. Magnuson J. , D. M. Robertson, B. J. Benson, H. Wynne, D. M. Livingstone, T. Arai, R. A. Assel, R. G. Barry, V. Card, E. Kuusisto, N. G. Granin, T. D. Prowse, K. M. Stewart, and V. S. Vuglinski. 2000. Historical trends in lake and river ice cover in the Northern Hemisphere.
Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at Long-Term Ecological Research Sites (Long-Term Ecological Research Network Series) by David Greenland, Douglas G. Goodin, Raymond C. Smith