Download Climates and Societies — A Climatological Perspective: A by Masatoshi Yoshino (auth.), Masatoshi Yoshino, Manfred PDF

By Masatoshi Yoshino (auth.), Masatoshi Yoshino, Manfred Domrös, Annick Douguédroit, Janusz Paszyński, Lawrence C. Nkemdirim (eds.)

ISBN-10: 9048147727

ISBN-13: 9789048147724

ISBN-10: 9401710554

ISBN-13: 9789401710558

The impression of weather on human actions and the impression of people on cli­ mate are of crucial parts of inquiry in climatology. those interactions performed via actual, chemical and organic procedure­ es have been defined as early as Roman and Greek instances. Marcus Vitruvius (75-25 B. C. ), a well-known Roman engineer and architect, made the next commentary concerning the weather conditions helpful for founding a urban: Land excellent for the healthiness is just a little increased and there may be neither fog nor frost. The course of the slope and the gap to the swamps, lakes, and shorelines also needs to be thought of. the existing wind instructions, saw by means of a wind tower on the heart of town, like Horologium at Athens, might be considered in urban making plans. the most and slender streets may be put within the heart attitude of the 2 triumphing wind instructions. Then the positioning of the Pantheons and squares might be made up our minds. The impression of people on weather was once a huge topic for dialogue within the nineteenth century, encouraged partially, by way of the fast commercial development and increasing deforestation of the time. D. L. Howard wrote awesome items at the weather of London within the 1830s, whereas G . P. Marsh mentioned the consequences of forests on precipitation within the U. S . A. within the moment 1/2 the nineteenth century.

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Extra info for Climates and Societies — A Climatological Perspective: A Contribution on Global Change and Related Problems Prepared by the Commission on Climatology of the International Geographical Union

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And Carpenter, Th. (1985): The relationship between eastern equatorial Pacific sea surface temperatures and rainfall over India and Sri Lanka. Mon. Wea. , 111,517-528. F. S. (1987): Global and regional scale precipitation and temperature patterns associated with El Nino/Southern Oscillation. Mon. Wea. , ll5, 1606--1626. S. and Wang, X. (1992): Observed tropospheric biennal variability and its relationship to the Southern Oscillation. J. Climate, 5, 594--614. E. (1988): Physically-based modelling and simulation of climate and climate change.

De Boeck Universite, Bruxelles, 479 pp. H. D. (1987): Abrupt climatic change. Evidence and application. NATO ASI Series, Series C, Vol. 216. Reidel, Dordrecht. Besleaga, N. (1991): Phenomenes remarquables n° 2. Vagues de froid sur Ia France et les pays voisins. Direction de Ia Meteorologie Nationale, 41 pp. CAC (from 1991): Climate Diagnostics Bulletin. NOAAINWSINMC, Washington, DC (Monthly issue). l. (1985): The Southern Oscillation over the Indian Ocean. J. ofClimatol. 5, 189-212. R. (1990): Indication of climatic change as seen from the Rainfall Data of Mauritanian Station.

In the third epoch, 3000 yrs. P. to present, the climate became cold and dry, but was still much warmer and wetter than the first epoch. The coldest phase during this epoch is called "Little Ice Age" from the 18th century to the 19th as described later. From the middle 20th century the climate began to change under the stronger anthropogenic influences discussed in the other chapters of this book. The relationship between air temperature and precipitation can be positive as seen for the post glacial period.

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Climates and Societies — A Climatological Perspective: A Contribution on Global Change and Related Problems Prepared by the Commission on Climatology of the International Geographical Union by Masatoshi Yoshino (auth.), Masatoshi Yoshino, Manfred Domrös, Annick Douguédroit, Janusz Paszyński, Lawrence C. Nkemdirim (eds.)


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