Download Comparing Media Systems: Three Models of Media and Politics by Daniel C. Hallin PDF

By Daniel C. Hallin

ISBN-10: 0511216122

ISBN-13: 9780511216121

ISBN-10: 0521835356

ISBN-13: 9780521835350

Offering a framework for comparative research of the connection among the media and the political approach, this publication surveys media associations in eighteen West eu and North American democracies. It identifies the primary dimensions of edition in media structures and the political variables that have formed their evolution. It then pinpoints 3 significant types of media platforms improvement (the Polarized Pluralist, Democratic Corporatist and Liberal versions) and explains why the media play a unique function in politics in every one of those platforms.

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Extra resources for Comparing Media Systems: Three Models of Media and Politics (Communication, Society and Politics)

Sample text

In some ways, comparative research in communication may be inherently harder than in some fields. Those who study comparative politics, for example, can take advantage of the structured choices that characterize electoral politics to generate quantitative data that are relatively easy to compare across systems. It is easy enough to come up with comparable quantitative data on things such as newspaper circulation, state subsidies to the press, or (slightly more difficult) ownership concentration.

Its distinctiveness, as we shall see, is rooted in the informal norms expectations that govern the selection of the director general, his or her relation to the government and opposition, and the role of journalists and other broadcasting professionals within the organization. As noted, similar differences can be found in the governance of the regulatory authorities that oversee privately owned broadcasting. In particular a distinction can be made between more party-politicized authorities, in which the role of political parties is central, and those organized as independent public agencies (similar to a central bank) largely under the control of legal and technical experts.

Finally, it is manifested in journalistic role orientations and practices. Journalists in some systems, and some historical periods, retain more of the “publicist” role that once prevailed in political journalism – that is, an orientation toward influencing public opinion. Journalists in other systems or periods, meanwhile, are more likely to see themselves as providers 1 One attempt to measure political parallelism across systems is Patterson and Donsbach (1993). xml P2: kaf Hallin 0 521 83535 6 January 20, 2004 15:9 Comparing Media Systems of neutral information or entertainment, an orientation we would associate with a low level of political parallelism.

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Comparing Media Systems: Three Models of Media and Politics (Communication, Society and Politics) by Daniel C. Hallin

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