By John L. Hennessy
This best-selling identify, thought of for over a decade to be crucial examining for each severe pupil and practitioner of machine layout, has been up to date all through to handle crucial traits dealing with machine designers this present day. during this version, the authors deliver their trademark approach to quantitative research not just to excessive functionality computing device computer layout, but additionally to the layout of embedded and server platforms. they've got illustrated their rules with designs from all 3 of those domain names, together with examples from purchaser electronics, multimedia and net applied sciences, and excessive functionality computing.The ebook keeps its hugely rated gains: Fallacies and Pitfalls, which proportion the hard-won classes of genuine designers; ancient views, which supply a deeper examine laptop layout historical past; placing all of it jointly, which current a layout instance that illustrates the foundations of the bankruptcy; labored Examples, which problem the reader to use the ideas, theories and techniques in smaller scale difficulties; and Cross-Cutting matters, which exhibit how the information coated in a single bankruptcy engage with these provided in others. moreover, a brand new function, one other View, provides short layout examples in a single of the 3 domain names except the single selected for placing all of it Together.The authors current a brand new association of the fabric in addition, lowering the overlap with their different textual content, machine association and layout: A Hardware/Software process 2/e, and supplying extra in-depth therapy of complicated subject matters in multithreading, guideline point parallelism, VLIW architectures, reminiscence hierarchies, garage units and community technologies.Also new to this variation, is the adoption of the MIPS sixty four because the guide set structure. as well as a number of on-line appendixes, new appendixes may be revealed within the e-book: one includes a entire overview of the elemental innovations of pipelining, the opposite offers suggestions a range of the routines. either can be worthwhile to the scholar or specialist studying on her personal or within the lecture room. Hennessy and Patterson proceed to target basic ideas for designing actual machines and for maximizing their cost/performance. * offers state of the art layout examples including:* IA-64 structure and its first implementation, the Itanium * Pipeline designs for Pentium III and Pentium IV * The cluster that runs the Google seek engine * EMC garage structures and their functionality* Sony Playstation 2* Infiniband, a brand new garage quarter and method zone community* SunFire 6800 multiprocessor server and its processor the UltraSPARC III* Trimedia TM32 media processor and the Transmeta Crusoe processor* Examines quantitative functionality research within the advertisement server industry and the embedded industry, in addition to the normal machine market.Updates all of the examples and figures with the latest benchmarks, resembling SPEC 2000.* Expands assurance of guideline units to incorporate descriptions of electronic sign processors, media processors, and multimedia extensions to computer processors.* Analyzes skill, expense, and function of disks over decades.Surveys the function of clusters in clinical computing and advertisement computing.* provides a survey, taxonomy, and the benchmarks of error and screw ups in machine systems.* offers precise descriptions of the layout of garage platforms and of clusters.* Surveys reminiscence hierarchies in glossy microprocessors and the most important parameters of contemporary disks.* offers a word list of networking phrases.
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Additional resources for Computer Architecture: A Quantitative Approach, 3rd Edition, 2002
6 Quantitative Principles of Computer Design 43 ternatives. 6 Improving the performance of the FP operations overall is slightly better because of the higher frequency. n In the above example, we needed to know the time consumed by the new and improved FP operations; often it is difﬁcult to measure these times directly. In the next section, we will see another way of doing such comparisons based on the use of an equation that decomposes the CPU execution time into three separate components. If we know how an alternative affects these three components, we can determine its overall performance effect.
5 Measuring and Reporting Performance 37 cate the relative frequency of the program in that workload. 8. ) By summing the products of weighting factors and execution times, a clear picture of performance of the workload is obtained. This is called the weighted arithmetic mean: n ∑ Weighti × Timei i=1 where Weighti is the frequency of the ith program in the workload and Timei is the execution time of that program. 15 with three different weightings, each proportional to the execution time of a workload with a given mix.
Html. In addition to the question of ﬂags and optimization, another key question is whether source code modiﬁcations or hand-generated assembly language are allowed. There are four broad categories of apporoaches here: 1. No source code modifications are allowed. The SPEC benchmarks fall into this class, as do most of the standard PC benchmarks. 2. Source code modification are allowed, but are essentially difficult or impossible. Benchmarks like TPC-C rely on standard databases, such as Oracle or Microsoft’s SQL server.
Computer Architecture: A Quantitative Approach, 3rd Edition, 2002 by John L. Hennessy