By Axel R. Schäfer
In the mid-twentieth century, way more evangelicals supported such “liberal” motives as peace, social justice, and environmental defense. simply steadily did the conservative evangelical faction win dominance, allying with the Republican get together of Ronald Reagan and, finally, George W. Bush.
In Countercultural Conservatives Axel Schäfer strains the evolution of a diffuse and pluralistic flow into the political strength of the recent Christian correct. In forging its complicated theological and political id, evangelicalism didn't easily reject the guidelines of Sixties counterculture, Schäfer argues. For all their strict Biblicism and uncompromising morality, evangelicals absorbed and prolonged key elements of the countercultural worldview.
conscientiously reading evangelicalism’s inner dynamics, fissures, and coalitions, this publication deals an fascinating reinterpretation of an important improvement in American faith and politics on account that international warfare II.
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Additional info for Countercultural Conservatives: American Evangelicalism from the Postwar Revival to the New Christian Right
What is more, the abovementioned defining components of evangelical theological identity not only form a historical sequence, but also remain present in the contemporary movement. Hence, the legacy of the Reformation in the United States is embodied in the churches in the reformed (Calvinist) tradition and its ties to Puritanism. The spirit of revivalism is most clearly expressed in ( Wesleyan) Methodism and Baptism, as well as in the newer pentecostal and charismatic churches. And fundamentalist sentiments can mainly be found in the churches organized in the ACCC, a range of conservative parachurch organizations, and the New Christian Right.
Instead, it continued to construct modernizing processes as a normative baseline in which evangelicalism was little more than an epiphenomenon of deeper social realities. Rather than being understood on its own terms, orthodox religion was defined as a reaction against, a deviation from, or an adjustment to the given modern setting. 44 Seeking to overcome this dilemma, sociologists of religion in particular began to explore more thoroughly the link between evangelicalism and modernization. Rather than understanding conservative Protestantism as being at odds with and reacting against modernity, Peter Berger, James Davison Hunter, Martin Marty, Mark Shibley, and others located its renewed cultural influence in its compatibility with and promotion of key modernizing trends of postwar American society.
In seeking to clarify how and why the patterns of the postwar religious resurgence manifested themselves in party politics, Layman and others focus on the interplay of two specific mobilizing agents: changes in the political salience of religion, and changes in the nature, institutional structures, and strategic incentives of the party system. First, they argue that the political salience of religion in general increased as the devoutness and commitment of religionists, especially the clergy, translated into political activism and, in turn, became an important source of organizational skills and resources.
Countercultural Conservatives: American Evangelicalism from the Postwar Revival to the New Christian Right by Axel R. Schäfer