By Peter N. Miller
This e-book discusses the challenge of the early smooth country in eighteenth-century Britain and units it in its ecu context. the yank Revolution and the simultaneous call for for wider non secular toleration at domestic challenged the rules of sovereignty and legal responsibility that underpinned arguments concerning the personality of the kingdom. At stake was once a basic problem to the way politics used to be defined. The american citizens and their British supporters argued that people, through vote casting and pondering freely, should be certain the "common good." those influential rules proceed to resonate this present day within the ideas of "one guy, one vote" and "freedom of thought."
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Extra info for Defining the Common Good: Empire, Religion and Philosophy in Eighteenth-Century Britain (Ideas in Context)
Thefigureof Cicero 29 under a moral code of divine origin. In Ciceronian terms, this meant that a policy could not be useful if it were contrary to the divine plan. Conversely, something that served God's purposes was necessarily useful to men. A second reason for interest in this specific debate was that all contemporary European states were struggling with the problems of establishing - or removing - central authority. The rebellion of the constituent parts of what Helmut Koenigsberger has described as 'composite' monarchies devastated Spain and England, but France was also wracked by religious and aristocratic rebellions that had a distinct regional character, Italy remained fragmented and seemingly immune to union, while the idea of the Empire collapsed once and for all in the seventeenth century.
87 Lurking within this appeal to the common good, though often not addressed directly, was a point of cardinal importance. 88 The implications of this become clearer if we examine the claim that often lay behind these prolific declarations of the common good: Cicero's declaration that Salus populi suprema lex esto. This phrase, from De Legibus book III, captured Cicero's own intense commitment to the conservation of a state ruled by law and his recognition that sometimes this required extra-legal measures.
The eighteenth-century reprint was occasioned by the Sacheverell controversy, in which, as will be observed below, this early modern debate is refashioned in the context of the revolution and establishment of the new state. J o h n Eliot, Monarchie of Man, ed. A. B. Grosart, 2 vols. (London, 1882), I I , p . 182 (all references will be to this volume). xix, was one of the most c o m m o n of the era. '77 It was precisely because they were no longer tied by a common good that war had exploded 'throughout the Three Nations'.
Defining the Common Good: Empire, Religion and Philosophy in Eighteenth-Century Britain (Ideas in Context) by Peter N. Miller